4. Mixxx Setup
4.1. Opening Mixxx
Once you’ve installed Mixxx, start by opening Mixxx and importing your music to the Mixxx library.
Double-click the Mixxx icon on the Desktop. Alternatively, browse your Windows start menu and click the Mixxx icon, or perform a search for
- Mac OSX
Double-click the Mixxx icon in the
Applicationsfolder. Alternatively, drag the Mixxx icon to the dock and double-click it there or search for mixxx in Spotlight.
Click the Mixxx icon in the applications menu or launcher of your desktop environment or perform a search for
mixxx. Alternatively type mixxx into the terminal, then hit Return. If your soundcard is not accessible from Mixxx because it is used by other applications via PulseAudio, you may close and restart Mixxx using pasuspender mixxx. See Command line options for an overview of Mixxx’s command line options.
4.2. Sound Hardware Preferences
allows you to select the audio inputs and outputs to be used.
Sample Rate: Allows you to manually select the sample rate for the audio input. The sample rate value should be set to the sample rate of your audio interface. By default, Mixxx tries the system default first, which is most likely 44.1 kHz. Otherwise, Mixxx will pick a different default.
Audio buffer: Also known as latency, this is the lag time in milliseconds that it takes for Mixxx to process your input. Lower latency means Mixxx will be more responsive but on slower computers and cheaper sound cards it might cause glitches.
Multi-Soundcard Synchronization: Mixxx is able to use two or more soundcards at a time, each with its own clock. When multiple soundcards are in use, the Mixxx engine is driven by the Master soundcard. Here you can select the synchronization used for the other soundcards to avoid buffer overflows or underflows.
Keylock/Pitch-Bending Engine: This allows you to select the engine used for independent tempo and pitch changes (e.g. keylock). Use on lower power machines (such as netbooks) or if you experience buffer underflows while using keylock.
Master Mix: You may disable the master mix to reduce Mixxx’s CPU usage if you do not use the Master output, recording or live broadcasting.
Master Output Mode: In Mono mode, the left and right channel are combined into a mono signal which is passed to both channels of your master sound card. This is useful for setups where you can only hear the right or the left speaker.
Microphone/Talkover Mix: This setting controls whether microphone outputs are mixed into the Master output or only into the broadcasting output. This is useful for preventing echo in broadcasting setups.
Headphone/Master Delay: This setting allows you to compensate for the delay between what you hear in your headphones and the master speakers.
Switch to mono mode (see above).
Listen to your headphones with one ear and the master speakers with the other ear.
Adjust the delays until the sound seems to be centered and the stereo effect is gone.
Switch back to stereo mode.
Buffer Underflow Count: Underflows (data is not available when needed) indicate that some of the subsystems in Mixxx can’t keep up with real-time deadlines imposed by the current audio buffer size. This is useful to tune the latency settings. If the counter increases, then increase your audio buffer size, decrease the sample rate setting or change the sound API setting if available.
4.3. Audio Outputs
Mixxx’s mixing engine can be used in two ways:
- Internal Mixer Mode
In this mode, Mixxx performs the mixing of the decks, microphone, and samplers in software and outputs them to a single output. To enable internal mixer mode, assign a valid audio output to the Master output in .
Internal mode is used in the following configurations:
- External Mixer Mode
In this mode, Mixxx outputs the audio from each deck to a separate soundcard output. This allows you to route the deck outputs through a hardware mixer. To enable external mixer mode, select a valid audio output for the Deck outputs in .
External mode is used in the following configuration:
4.3.1. Headphone Output
In both internal and external mixer mode, you can choose a headphone output for pre-fader listening or headphone cueing in . This allows you to listen and synchronize the track you will play next in your headphones before your audience hears the track. See also PFL/Headphone Button.
4.4. Latency, Sample Rate, and Audio API
To achieve the best performance with Mixxx it is essential to configure your audio buffer, sample rate, and audio API. These three factors largely determine Mixxx’s responsiveness and audio quality and the optimal settings will vary based on your computer and hardware quality.
4.4.1. Audio Buffer
The audio buffer, also known as latency, is the lag time in milliseconds that it takes for Mixxx to process your input (turning knobs, sliding the crossfader, etc.). For example, with an audio buffer of 36 ms, it will take approximately 36 milliseconds for Mixxx to stop the audio after you toggle the play button. Additionally, the audio buffer setting determines how quickly your Operating System expects Mixxx to react. A smaller audio buffer means Mixxx will be more responsive. On the other hand, setting your audio buffer too low may be too much for your computer and sound card to handle. In this situation, Mixxx playback will be choppy and very clearly distorted as your computer will not be able to keep up with how frequently Mixxx is processing audio.
An audio buffer between 36-64 ms is acceptable if you are using Mixxx with a keyboard/mouse or a controller. An audio buffer below 10 ms is recommended when vinyl control is used because Mixxx will feel unresponsive otherwise.
Keep in mind that lower latencies require better soundcards and faster CPUs and that zero latency DJ software is a myth (although Mixxx is capable of sub-1ms operation).
4.4.2. Sample Rate
The sample rate setting in Mixxx controls how many samples per second are produced by Mixxx. This determines the maximum frequency in Mixxx’s signal, which is half the sample rate. Humans can only hear up to 20 kHz, so there is generally no need to use more than a 44.1 kHz (44100 Hz) sample rate for playback. Most music is published with a 44100 Hz sample rate.
A sample rate of 96kHz takes Mixxx over twice as long to compute. Keep in mind that increasing the sample rate will increase CPU usage and likely raise the minimum audio buffer size you can use.
4.4.3. Audio API
The Audio API that Mixxx uses is the method by which Mixxx talks to your Operating System in order to deliver audio to your soundcard. Your choice of Audio API can drastically affect Mixxx’s performance on your computer. Therefore it is important to take care to choose the best Audio API available to you. Refer to the following table of Audio APIs to see what the best choice is for your operating system.
OS / Audio API
Windows / ASIO
Windows / WDM-KS
Windows / WASAPI
Windows / DirectSound
Windows / MME
Mac OS X / CoreAudio
GNU Linux / ALSA
GNU Linux / JACK (Advanced)
GNU Linux / OSS
For low latency on Windows, it is best to use an ASIO driver that bypassses the sound processing of the Windows kernel. If there is no such ASIO driver available for your soundcard, use the WDM-KS API. There is generally no advantage to using ASIO4ALL, a wrapper around the WDM-KS API.
On GNU/Linux, ALSA is the simplest sound API to configure. Using ALSA will prevent any other programs from using the sound card(s) that Mixxx is using.
JACK allows you to route audio between JACK-compatible applications in flexible ways and output sound from multiple programs at the same time. However, JACK can be complicated to set up. To use JACK, start the JACK daemon before running Mixxx. Otherwise JACK will not appear as a Sound API in the preferences.
Most modern GNU/Linux distributions use PulseAudio by default. When launched from a GUI menu entry or icon, Mixxx suspends PulseAudio while it is running so that Mixxx can use ALSA directly. Like JACK, PulseAudio allows multiple programs to access one sound card, but PulseAudio and JACK have opposite design goals. PulseAudio is designed to make ordinary computer usage such as watching videos online and listening to music easy whereas JACK is designed for demanding low latency audio programs like Mixxx. It can be difficult to setup JACK and PulseAudio to work well together. So, unless you already use JACK, it is easiest to let Mixxx suspend PulseAudio and use ALSA.
If the PulseAudio plugin for alsalibs is installed on GNU/Linux, you can
choose the virtual device
pulse. This allows Mixxx to share the default
system sound card with other media players. This only works if you start
Mixxx without pasuspender, which you can do by running mixxx from a
console rather than clicking the launcher icon in a menu or on your desktop.
Since the sound stream is routed from ALSA to Pulse and back to ALSA, this adds
an additional latency of ~2 x the selected audio buffer size.
4.5. Equalizer Preferences
allows you to setup the equalizers.
Equalizer Rack: The Equalizer Rack is a special effect rack that is connected to the deck’s equalizer and filter controls.
In this section you can select the equalizers and quick effects that are used with the decks.
Equalizer Plugin: Here you can select the effect that is used as the mixing EQ in each deck. By default only built-in equalizers are displayed. Uncheckingallows you to select any other effect.
Quick Effect: Here you can select the effect that is controlled by the dedicated filter knob in each deck. By default only built-in filter effects are selected for all decks, but that can be changed as above.
High/Low Shelf EQ: This slider sets the crossover frequencies of the mixing EQ. It controls which frequency range is affected by the low, mid, and high channel EQ knobs. By default the low knob controls the bass and sub bass range up to 246 Hz. The mid knob controls the mid range up to 2.5 kHz. The remaining treble range is controlled by the high knob.
Master EQ: This section allows you to setup an EQ that affects the master output.
4.5.1. Mixing Equalizers
Mixxx offers three types of mixing equalizers with a full kill option. These equalizers are “isolators”, adapted from analog crossover networks. Each EQ is combination of a high shelf filter, a band pass filter, and a low shelf filter. Each EQ type has a unique sound, so try them out to find out which one you prefer.
The Bessel EQs with Lipshitz and Vanderkooy Mix (LV-Mix) do not alter the sound or take any processing time when their knobs are in the center position. They activate once you adjust an EQ knob.
The Linkwitz-Riley EQ on the other hand always applies a minimum, natural sounding phase shift to the sound. Their processing time does not change when you adjust the EQ knobs.
The following table compares some technical parameters:
cut: the frequency response (curve form) at the cross over frequency.
roll-off: The steepness of the EQ bands.
linear phase: No phase distortion, all frequencies are processed with the same group delay.
minimum phase: A natural phase distortion, the group delay changes by the frequency.
bit perfect: Whether the EQ leaves the original samples untouched when the EQ is at unity.
CPU usage: Processing time needed to calculate the EQ output.
4.6. Importing your audio files
- Setup the music library
The first time you run Mixxx, you are asked to select a directory where your music is stored. By default, the dialog points to a location where music files are typically held, but you can select any location on your computer.
Click Select Folder and Mixxx will scan your music library. Depending on the size of your library this could take some time. All the supported music files Mixxx detects will be listed in the Library - View and edit your whole collection.
If you want to refresh your library (for example because you added or moved files), you can do this within the menu. If you want to rescan at every launch, select .
On Windows 7 and 8 the import dialog points to your Windows “Music“ Library, a special-purpose virtual folder. You can not use these virtual folders. Select a regular folder instead, usually “My Music“, like pictured above.
New in version 2.0: Support for the Opus audio format.
Mixxx supports a variety of audio file formats: Wave (wav), Aiff (aiff, aif), MP3 (mp3), Ogg Vorbis (ogg), FLAC (flac), Opus (opus), and AAC (aac, m4a) if supported by your OS. DRM protected files, such as m4p files purchased in the iTunes Store, are not supported.
AAC (M4A) is supported on Windows Vista and Mac OS X 10.5 onwards. The Platform Update Supplement is required for Windows Vista.
On Linux, AAC playback is disabled by default due to licensing restrictions. To enable the playback of AAC files, build Mixxx from source with m4a/AAC files support.
- Import external libraries
If you have iTunes, Traktor, Rhythmbox, or Banshee installed, Mixxx allows you to access your tracks and playlists in the Mixxx library, see iTunes, Traktor, Rhythmbox, Banshee - Using external libraries.
- Import remote files
To import audio files which are not in your music library directory, drag them directly from an external file manager or from the Browse section to the track list. Importing files into Mixxx does not change the location of the files on the hard disk.
You can not drag complete folders to the library because currently Mixxx can not recursively scan folders for compatible music files.
- Import playlists
You can import existing
plsplaylist files from products other than Mixxx, see Playlists - Arranging tracks in a set order.
- Import music from CDs
Mixxx can not play music from Audio CDs. Convert the content to compatible files in good quality and add them to the Mixxx library. See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ripping
4.7. Changing music directories
New in version 2.0: Handles multiple music library folders and adds an option to move them to another location without data loss.
You can manually add, relink, and remove Mixxx music directories in.
- Add a new music directory
Mixxx handles multiple music library folders. Click Add to browse to a directory where your music is stored. Mixxx will watch this directory and its subdirectories for new tracks.
If you add a directory that is already in your library, or you are currently rescanning your library, the operation is canceled.
Directories can also be added from the Browse sidebar item inside the library.
- Relink a existing music directory
If an existing music directory is moved, Mixxx doesn’t know where to find the audio files in it. Click Relink to select the music directory in its new location. This will re-establish the links to the audio files in the Mixxx library.
- Remove a music directory
Click Remove, and Mixxx will no longer watch a directory and its subdirectories for new tracks, and asks what would you like to do with the tracks from these directories.
Select Hide Tracks to hide all tracks from this directory and subdirectories.
Select Delete Track Metadata to delete all metadata for these tracks from Mixxx permanently
Select Leave Tracks Unchanged to leave the tracks unchanged in your library.
Hiding tracks saves their metadata in case you re-add them in the future.
Metadata means all track details (artist, title, playcount, etc.) as well as beatgrids, hotcues, and loops. This choice only affects the Mixxx library. No files on disk will be changed or deleted.
When changing music directories, you might want to run a library rescan afterwards. Selectin the menu.
4.8. Removing tracks from the library
Removing tracks from the Mixxx library will not physically delete them from your drive. However it does delete extra metadata Mixxx might have (such as hotcues and the beatgrids), and removes links to playlists or crates.
Click the Library item in the sidebar.
Find and select the tracks you want to remove, perform a right-click on them and select Hide from Library from the context menu.
Expand the Library item in the sidebar and click on the Hidden tracks sub-item. All tracks that were set to be hidden from the library will appear here.
Select the tracks you want to remove, or use the Select All button.
To confirm you want to permanently remove these tracks from the library, click Purge.
If you later decide to add some of the deleted tracks back, import them to the Mixxx library again, see Importing your audio files.
4.9. BPM and Beat Detection Preferences
Update this section to explain the differences between the beatgrid and beatmap options.
Mixxx uses an ultra-precise BPM and beat detector. Manual adjustments are redundant in many cases because Mixxx knows where the beats are.
4.9.1. Analyzer Settings
BPM and beat detection is a complex operation. Depending on your computer and the track’s bitrate and duration this may take some time. By default Mixxx analyzes the complete track. To accelerate beat detection on slower computers, a “Fast Analysis” option is available. If enabled, the BPM is computed by analyzing the first minute of the track. In most cases this does not affect the beat detection negatively because most of today’s dance music is written in a 4/4 signature with a fixed tempo.
The table below summarizes the beat detection settings:
Enable Fast Analysis
If enabled, BPM will be detected by only using the first minute of audio.
Assume constant tempo
If enabled, Mixxx assumes that the distances between the beats are constant. If disabled, the raw beat grid obtained by the analyzer is presented. The latter is appropriate for tracks with variable tempo.
Enable Offset Correction
Prevents beat markers from being placed incorrectly.
Re-analyze beats when settings change or beat detection data is outdated
If enabled, Mixxx over-writes old beat grids from prior versions. Moreover, it will re-analyze the BPM if your beat detection preferences change or BPM data from 3rd party programs are present.
4.9.2. Correcting Beat Grids
There may be situations where BPM and beat detection do not result in a proper beat grid.
Typically, the detected BPM is correct but the analyzer has failed to detect the location of the first beat. Consequently, the beat markers are shifted, i.e. the beat markers are a fixed distance from the true beat. To adjust the beat grid, cue the track before a real beat and click the Beat-grid Adjust button in the Deck Options Button Grid.
If the detected BPM is not accurate, the corresponding beat grid will also be inaccurate. A deviation of 0.02 BPM units from the correct BPM will cause beatgrid alignment issues on long tracks (e.g. a club mix). If this happens, your beatgrid may look aligned for the few minutes but you will notice a slight drift as the song goes on. Finding the correct BPM is easy in many cases - just follow the note below.
If the detected BPM value is not sufficiently accurate but very close to an integer value, try to set the BPM value manually to the integer.
4.10. Key Detection Preferences
Mixxx comes with a high precision musical key detector to help you make smooth mixes by ensuring that your tracks are musically compatible.
4.10.1. Analyzer Settings
Key detection is a complex operation. Depending on your computer and the track’s bitrate and duration this may take some time. By default Mixxx analyzes the complete track. To accelerate key detection on slower computers, a “Fast Analysis” option is available. If enabled, the key is computed by analyzing the first minute of the track.
The table below summarizes the Key detection settings:
Enable Fast Analysis
If enabled, the key will be detected by using only the first minute of audio.
Re-analyze key when settings change or Key detection data is outdated
If enabled, Mixxx will re-analyse tracks if you select a different key detection plugin or the key was generated by a program other than Mixxx.
Change the way keys are displayed in the library.
4.11. Analyze your library
Mixxx automatically analyzes tracks the first time you load them in a deck, nevertheless it is recommended that you analyze them before playing live to ensure the beatgrids are correct. Furthermore, track analysis takes considerable CPU power and might cause skips in the audio — things you surely don’t need while performing.
Once you have configured your music directories and your BPM and key detection settings, press OK on the Preferences window. Go to the Analyze view on the left side panel of the library. This allows you to run beatgrid, key, and ReplayGain detection on tracks in advance. While analyzing, the progress in percentage and total queue length are shown.
New in version 2.0: Drag and drop tracks from the library or external file managers onto the analysis view to instantly analyze these files. The title changes to Analyze (x/y) where x is the number of tracks that have been analyzed so far and y is the total number of tracks originally in the queue.
Changed in version 2.0: Does not generate waveforms to save disk space.
The Analyze features in detail:
All / New radio-buttons: Allows you to view a list of either all tracks in the library or tracks added to the library within the last 7 days.
Select All button: Selects all tracks in the current view.
Analyze button: Starts the detection on the selected tracks.
For more information, go to BPM and Beat Detection Preferences.